Molekuler Filogenik Burung Weris (Galliralus Torquatus) menggunakan Gen CO1 DNA Mitokondria

Orlendy Gasah, Mecky Pandelaki, Indra Rompas

Sari


The zebra mandar bird (Galliralus torquatus) or in the local language (Minahasa) is known as the weris bird while in Kotamobagu and Bolmong the boruit is known as a wild bird species, and is a bird species whose distribution is not so wide with a relatively small population and breeding slow. Weris, which is one of the characteristics of the Sulawesi region, needs conservation to maintain this biological asset. One of the forms is to maintain the diversity of the genetic level of this species in the form of molecular data collection by studying its phylogenetic molecular through DNA barcodes. With molecular phylogeny, the evolutionary history and kinship relationships of weris with nearby species can be known and conservation and data collection of species diversity at the genetic level can be carried out and obtained. Based on this, this research will conduct a molecular study of the phylogenetic of weris birds using the standard COI gene (Cytochrome oxidase sub unit 1). the results of the sequence analysis obtained the length of the COI gene in both samples of weris, namely WRS 1 with 661 bp and WRS 2 with 652 bp and the phylogenetic tree construction showed that weris had the closest kinship with the Gallirallus okinawae species. Weris WRS1 and WRS2 tend to form new clades leading to the formation of new species

Keywords: Phylogenic Molecular, CO1 Gene, Zebra Mandar bird

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Referensi


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